- September 20, 2023
Revolutionizing Workplace Safety: The Power of Industrial Fume Hoods
Kind Reader, an industrial fume hood is a critical piece of equipment essential for many laboratory environments. It is a ventilation system designed to remove hazardous fumes, vapors, and dust from the air to ensure the safety of workers and the surrounding environment. The fumes produced during various chemical operations can be highly toxic, corrosive, and flammable, posing a severe health risk to laboratory personnel. To maintain a safe working environment, it is essential to install industrial fume hoods in your laboratory.
What is an Industrial Fume Hood?
An industrial fume hood, also known as an industrial exhaust hood, is an essential equipment in any laboratory or industrial setting where hazardous gaseous chemicals are used. The primary function of an industrial fume hood is to extract harmful gases and fumes generated during any industrial process.
The Components of an Industrial Fume Hood
The major components of an industrial exhaust hood include the hood itself, ducting system, blower, and an exhaust stack. An industrial fume hood needs to work in conjunction with an appropriate ventilation system. It ensures hazardous air from inside the industrial fume hood is expelled from the lab or industrial site and replaced with fresh air.
Types of Industrial Fume Hoods
Industrial exhaust hoods come in all shapes and sizes, but the most commonly used types include the:
|No||Types of Industrial Fume Hoods|
|1||Ductless Fume Hoods|
|3||Perchloric Acid Fume Hoods|
|4||Radioisotope Fume Hoods|
|5||Variable Air Volume (VAV) Fume Hoods|
The Importance of Industrial Fume Hoods
The use of industrial fume hoods is critical in many industries, including pharmaceuticals, medical research, and chemical manufacturing. It keeps employees safe by preventing exposure to hazardous gases and chemicals. It’s important to use the right type of industrial exhaust hood based on the requirements of the process and the chemicals involved.
Types of Industrial Fume Hoods
There are different types of industrial fume hoods, each designed for specific applications and requirements.
Ducted Fume Hoods
Ducted fume hoods, also known as exhaust hoods, are the most common type of fume hood used in laboratories. These hoods draw air from the room and expel it outside through a duct system, effectively removing the harmful vapors and gases from the laboratory. Ducted fume hoods can be further classified into:
- Constant volume hoods
- Variable air volume (VAV) hoods
Constant volume hoods maintain a constant flow of air through the hood, while VAV hoods adjust the air flow based on the type and quantity of substances being used. VAV hoods are more energy-efficient and cost-effective.
Recirculating Fume Hoods
Recirculating fume hoods, also known as ductless fume hoods, do not expel the air outside but instead purify the air and recirculate it back into the laboratory. They are ideal for laboratories that cannot install a ducted system or have limited space. However, they require regular maintenance and replacement of filters to ensure efficiency.
Components of an Industrial Fume Hood
An industrial fume hood consists of various components that work together to protect the user and the laboratory from harmful fumes and vapors.
The main component of a fume hood is the hood enclosure, which is a chamber that surrounds the work area and contains the harmful fumes and vapors. The enclosure is typically made of a material that is resistant to chemicals and is transparent to allow the user to observe the work area.
The airflow system consists of an air intake located at the front of the hood and an exhaust system located at the back of the hood. The system works by creating a negative air pressure in the hood, which draws in the contaminated air and sends it outside (in the case of a ducted system) or through filters (in the case of a recirculating system).
In a recirculating fume hood, the filter system is responsible for purifying the air before recirculating it back into the laboratory. The filter system typically consists of activated carbon filters for organic compounds and HEPA filters for particulate matter. In a ducted fume hood, the filter system is located outside the laboratory.
Types of Industrial Fume Hood
Industrial fume hoods are classified based on their application and operation. The type of fume hood required varies depending on the lab or industrial setting. Here are some of the common types of industrial fume hoods:
Ducted Fume Hoods
Ducted fume hoods are the most commonly used type of industrial fume hood. These hoods feature an exhaust fan that pulls contaminated air from the hood, through a duct system, and exhausted outside. This type of fume hood is best suited for labs with a large number of chemicals. Ducted fume hoods can protect workers from exposure to toxic fumes, gases, and vapors.
Recirculating Fume Hoods
Recirculating fume hoods purify the air inside the hood and recirculate it back into the lab. These fume hoods use a filtration system to remove harmful contaminants and fumes from the air. This type of fume hood is best suited for labs where chemicals used are relatively safe and where ducts are not easily accessible.
Perchloric Acid Fume Hoods
Perchloric acid fume hoods have a special design that ensures maximum protection against perchloric acid fumes. The hood is made of stainless steel and features a wash-down system that flushes the hood surfaces and ductwork with water after every use. The hood is equipped with an inline scrubber that removes any remaining perchloric acid vapors.
Radioisotope Fume Hoods
Radioisotope fume hoods are designed to contain and filter radioisotopes. The hoods are made of stainless steel and have a special HEPA filter that removes up to 99.997% of particles from the air. The hood is equipped with a lead shield that prevents the radiation from escaping into the lab. Radioisotope fume hoods are widely used in nuclear medicine and radiochemistry labs.
Design Considerations for Industrial Fume Hood
The design of an industrial fume hood is crucial for its functionality and overall safety in the lab. Here are some key design considerations to keep in mind when it comes to industrial fume hood:
Air Flow Rate
The air flow rate of the fume hood determines how effectively it can remove contaminants from the air. The air flow rate should be sufficient to capture and contain the fumes produced. A low air flow rate can cause fume build-up and expose workers to toxins. The recommended air flow rate for industrial fume hoods is between 100-120 lin. feet per minute (lfm).
The location of the fume hood is also an essential design consideration. The fume hood must be in a well-ventilated area to ensure proper air exchange. Placement of the hood near a window or a ventilation pipe enhances the overall efficiency of the fume hood.
The size of the hood is determined by the type of work done in the lab and the equipment used. A larger fume hood can handle multiple chemicals at once and house larger equipment. The size of the hood should be in line with the type of work done in the lab, the quantity of fumes generated, and the workspace.
The material used to construct the fume hood is crucial when it comes to its durability and functionality. The hood should be made from materials that are resistant to chemical damage, corrosion, and high temperatures. Stainless steel is the most preferred material for industrial fume hoods due to its durability and ease of maintenance.
Types of Industrial Fume Hood
Industrial fume hoods are classified into several types based on their functionalities, applications and the kind of chemicals and compounds that will be utilized with them. A summary of each type is provided below along with its purpose of use and application.
1. Conventional Fume Hood
A conventional fume hood is a regular laboratory hood which primarily protects laboratory workers from inhaling harmful gases, chemicals and vapours emitted from the work process. They are the most frequently used fume hood in the laboratory environment, and they are suitable for general-purpose lab applications. The vented fume cupboard sucks the contaminated air out of the hood, and clean air is re-circulated to the room.
2. Ductless Fume Hood
The ductless fume hood unique feature is that they do not require ductwork to exhaust fumes from the room. It uses filters to purify the air which is then either recirculated into the laboratory or expelled outside. These hoods can be mobile or fixed hoods.
3. Auxiliary Air Fume Hood
Auxiliary air fume hoods are an innovative solution designed to minimize the fume hood’s face velocity and thus reduce its consumption of lab air. It helps displace or break the boundary layer of stagnant air that accumulates inside so that the hood can operate at a lower airflow rate.
4. Walk-In Fume Hood
A walk-in fume hood is an enclosed space that laboratory workers can walk into, to perform testing or experiments. This type of hood can be used for larger size experiments, for handling large equipment, and for accommodating processes that would be difficult with a standard, small-size fume hood. They are typically customized, much larger and more expensive than other fume hood types.
5. Perchloric Acid Fume Hood
Perchloric acid fume hood design specially made from high-grade stainless steel and other non-corrosive materials to resist the corrosive effects of perchloric acid and other strong oxidizing agents. These hoods can also be equipped with an automatic waterwash system to wash down the interior of the hood after each usage.
6. Radioisotope Fume Hood
Radioisotope fume hoods are designed explicitly for the work with radioactive isotopes. These hoods have additional features such as air lock access and UV lamps fitted to the interior to reduce contamination risk to the user.
7. Special Application Fume Hood
Special application fume hoods are custom-made hoods designed to handle a specific application in the lab. They are different from other hoods because they have additional features fitted to them, which makes them suitable for certain lab processes or special needs of the application. The design and materials used are tailored to meet the specific demands of the application; hence, they are typically more costly than other hoods.
Materials Used in Industrial Fume Hood
The materials used to create industrial fume hoods are essential in determining their durability and resistance to the chemicals they are exposed to. Most industrial fume hoods are made from materials like:
- Stainless steel
- PVC coated steel
- Fiberglass reinforced plastic (FRP)
Stainless steel is most commonly used in industrial fume hoods due to its strength, corrosion resistance, and easy cleaning. Polypropylene is also a popular choice because it has high resistance to chemicals and corrosion.
Stainless steel fume hoods are known for their durability and low maintenance. They are corrosion-resistant and also fire-resistant, which makes them an excellent choice for laboratory use. However, they are more expensive than other materials.
Polypropylene fume hoods are resistant to most chemicals, and they are not corroded by acid or caustic chemicals like hydrofluoric acid and sodium hydroxide. They are also lightweight, have a lower cost than stainless steel, and can be easily molded into different shapes and sizes.
Design Considerations for Industrial Fume Hood
The design of an industrial fume hood is critical in determining the effectiveness of the hood in removing dangerous fumes and vapors from the workspace. There are various design considerations to keep in mind when selecting an industrial fume hood, such as:
- The type of chemicals used in the workspace
- The size and shape of the workspace
- The specific application of the fume hood
- The number of hoods needed for the space
The airflow design is crucial in ensuring the effectiveness of the industrial fume hood. The airflow must balance the extraction of dangerous vapors and fumes and ensure the safety of the workers in the space. Some of the critical factors in airflow design include:
- The capture velocity or the speed of the airflow entering the hood
- The face velocity, or the speed of the air exiting the hood
- The hood’s static pressure, which helps distribute and control the flow of the air in the hood
The ductwork design is also critical in ensuring the effectiveness of the industrial fume hood. The ductwork must ensure that the extracted air is vented safely away from the workspace. Other ductwork design considerations include:
- The length of the ductwork and the number of bends in the system
- The type of ductwork, such as rigid metal, flex duct, or spiral ducting
- The diameter of the ductwork, which determines the airflow capacity of the system
Types of Industrial Fume Hoods
Industrial fume hoods are designed to meet specific needs, and there are several different types available:
Ductless Fume Hoods
Ductless fume hoods filter the air and release it back into the room, thus not needing any type of ductwork. They are usually found in smaller labs and have HEPA filters that reduce the need for ductwork. They are also less expensive compared to conventional fume hoods and are easier to move. Nevertheless, they are not quite effective in laboratories that work with hazardous chemicals.
Bypass Fume Hoods
Bypass fume hoods are used due to their ability to control face velocity and therefore the amount of air being drawn into the hood. Bypass hoods take in a constant volume of air from the lab then exhausting at a constant rate. This constant flow design maintains a consistent face velocity throughout the sash opening. They prevent turbulence by continuously withdrawing a little amount of air that mixes in the chamber with the primary airstream, ultimately flowing out of the hood.
Radioisotope Fume Hoods
Radioisotope fume hoods provide protection when handling radioactive materials. They contain thicker sides and lead lining or lead glass shields that prevent the radiation from escaping the hood and affecting other workers in the laboratory. Additionally, these types of hoods have a stronger exhaust blower to avoid contamination caused by radioactive dust and fumes.
Perchloric Acid Fume Hoods
Perchloric acid fume hoods are used in labs that deal with perchloric acid, which, when condensed, can lead to an explosion. They have a non-metallic construction, including an integrated wash-down system that removes hazardous perchloric acid compounds from the exhaust system.
Canopy Fume Hoods
Canopy fume hoods are used to contain fumes that are generated from large equipment and do not need to be enclosed within a full hood. Examples of such generators are ovens, vulcanizers, and steam-jacketed kettles. Canopy hoods are utilized to prevent workers from being affected by the vapor produced during the process, making the lab environment safer.
Walk-in Fume Hoods
Walk-in fume hoods are custom-built according to the user’s requirements. They are designed to house large equipment, such as chemical reactors, for maintenance purposes. They can also be used to allow workers inside when carrying out processes that demand more extended periods and actions.
Nanoparticle Fume Hoods
Nanoparticle fume hoods are specifically designed for the manufacture, research, and handling of nanomaterials. They can prevent the dissemination of nanoparticles in the laboratory environment and can control the humidity and temperature of the production environment.
Importance of Proper Installation and Maintenance
Installing and maintaining an industrial fume hood should never be taken lightly. The improper functioning of a fume hood system can cause dangerous fume exposures and pose risks to operators working around the hood. That’s why it is important to have a proper installation process.
Industrial Fume Hood Installation
The installation of an industrial fume hood can be complicated and requires a professional installer. The process involves ductwork, centrifugal blowers, inline fans, and control panels, each of which has its unique installation requirements. Many factors need to be considered, such as layout design, airflow rate, hood type, exhaust fan specification, etc. The installation of a fume hood system should comply with industry standards and regulations, including the American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA) guidelines and the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) standards. Proper installation is crucial for the safety of operators working around the environment.
Industrial Fume Hood Maintenance
Regular maintenance of industrial fume hoods should be done as an integral part of the company’s safety program. Fume hood maintenance includes checking for damage, defects, and corroded parts. Performing a thorough inspection for contamination and leaks is also necessary. The maintenance team should clean the hood, ductwork, and exhaust fan blades to keep the system in proper working order. Finally, it is critical to verify the airflows to ensure peak performance, and the alarms and explosion-proof devices are working correctly.
|1||Proper installation is crucial to the safety of operators working in the environment.|
|2||Industrial fume hood installation requires a professional installer.|
|3||Fume hood installation must comply with industry standards and regulations.|
|1||Regular maintenance of industrial fume hoods should be done.|
|2||Maintenance includes checking for damage, defects, corroded parts, and contamination.|
|3||The maintenance team should verify the airflows, alarms, and devices in working order.|
FAQ: Industrial Fume Hood
1. What is an industrial fume hood?
An industrial fume hood is a ventilation system designed to protect workers from harmful fumes, dust, and airborne particles. It works by pulling in air from the surrounding area and filtering it before releasing it back into the environment.
2. Why do I need an industrial fume hood?
If you work with hazardous materials or chemicals, an industrial fume hood is essential for your safety. It helps prevent exposure to dangerous substances, which can cause serious health problems such as respiratory issues, skin irritation, and even cancer.
3. How do I choose the right fume hood?
Choosing the right fume hood depends on several factors such as the type of chemicals you work with, the size and layout of your workspace, and your budget. It’s important to consult with a professional to determine the best option for your specific needs.
4. What are the different types of fume hoods?
There are several types of fume hoods available, such as ducted fume hoods, recirculating fume hoods, and specialty fume hoods for specific applications. Each type has its own unique features and benefits, so it’s important to research and choose the best one for your workspace.
5. How often do fume hoods need to be tested and maintained?
Regular testing and maintenance are essential to ensure your fume hood is working properly. It’s recommended to have your fume hood tested and inspected annually by a qualified professional, and to perform routine maintenance checks yourself on a regular basis.
6. How do I know if my fume hood is working properly?
You can tell if your fume hood is functioning properly by performing several tests, such as the smoke test, the hood velocity test, and the tracer gas test. If you’re unsure how to perform these tests, consult with a professional for assistance.
7. Can I install a fume hood myself?
For safety and compliance reasons, it’s recommended to have a professional install your fume hood. They will have the experience and expertise necessary to ensure the installation is done correctly and meets all applicable regulations.
8. How much does an industrial fume hood cost?
The cost of an industrial fume hood can vary depending on several factors such as size, type, and features. It’s important to research and compare different options before making a purchase to ensure you’re getting the best value for your budget.
9. Do fume hoods require any special training to use?
Training is essential to ensure safe and effective use of your fume hood. It’s important to receive proper training on how to operate and maintain the equipment, as well as how to handle hazardous materials and chemicals safely.
10. Can fume hoods reduce energy costs?
Fume hoods can help reduce energy costs by using energy-efficient features such as variable air volume (VAV) systems and low-flow alarms. It’s important to research and choose an option that maximizes energy efficiency while still meeting your workspace needs.
11. What is a ducted fume hood?
A ducted fume hood is a type of fume hood that uses a duct system to remove contaminated air from the workspace and exhaust it outside. It provides a high level of protection and is ideal for work with toxic or flammable materials.
12. What is a recirculating fume hood?
A recirculating fume hood is a type of fume hood that filters contaminated air and recirculates it back into the workspace. It’s typically used for non-toxic materials and provides a more energy-efficient option compared to ducted fume hoods.
13. What is the minimum airflow for a fume hood?
The minimum airflow for a fume hood is typically around 100 feet per minute (fpm), but it can vary depending on the size and type of hood. It’s important to consult with a professional to determine the appropriate airflow for your specific workspace needs.
14. Can fume hoods be customized?
Yes, fume hoods can be customized to meet specific workspace needs. Customization options may include specialized materials, lighting, alarms, airflow controls, and more.
15. How long do fume hoods last?
The lifespan of a fume hood can vary depending on several factors such as quality, maintenance, and frequency of use. On average, a well-maintained fume hood can last anywhere from 10-20 years.
16. What are the most common materials used for fume hoods?
The most common materials used for fume hoods are stainless steel, epoxy-coated mild steel, and polypropylene. Each material has its own unique benefits and applications, so it’s important to choose the best option for your specific workspace needs.
17. What is a biosafety cabinet?
A biosafety cabinet is a type of fume hood designed specifically for handling biological materials such as bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms. It provides a high level of protection for both the user and the environment.
18. What is a laminar flow hood?
A laminar flow hood is a type of fume hood that provides a low-turbulence, particulate-free environment for working with sensitive materials such as electronics or sterile materials. It’s often used in cleanroom environments and medical facilities.
19. How do I clean my fume hood?
Cleaning your fume hood is essential to ensure it functions properly and prolong its lifespan. It’s important to follow proper cleaning protocols and use appropriate cleaning solutions, as well as performing routine maintenance checks on a regular basis.
20. What happens if my fume hood doesn’t meet safety standards?
If your fume hood doesn’t meet safety standards, it can pose serious health and safety risks to both you and the environment. It’s important to have your fume hood regularly inspected and maintained to ensure it meets all applicable regulations.
21. Can fume hoods be used with flammable materials?
Yes, fume hoods can be used with flammable materials, but it’s important to choose a hood specifically designed for this purpose and follow appropriate safety protocols.
22. What is the difference between a fume hood and a biosafety cabinet?
The main difference between a fume hood and a biosafety cabinet is that a biosafety cabinet provides a higher level of protection against biological materials, while a fume hood is designed for general chemical and particulate control. It’s important to choose the appropriate equipment based on the specific materials you work with.
23. Can I use a fume hood for welding?
No, fume hoods are not designed for welding. Welding requires specialized equipment such as a welding fume extractor or a welding booth, which provide a high level of protection against welding fumes and other hazardous byproducts.
24. Who should I contact for fume hood certification?
You should contact a qualified professional such as a certified industrial hygienist or a safety consultant to certify your fume hood. They will have the necessary expertise and equipment to ensure your hood is functioning properly and meets all applicable safety standards.
25. Are there any regulations governing fume hood use?
Yes, there are several regulations that govern fume hood use, such as the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations and National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) guidelines. It’s important to adhere to these regulations to ensure the safety of yourself and others working in the vicinity.
Learn about the benefits of using an industrial fume hood in your workplace and how it can improve air quality and safety.
Thank You, Kind Reader!
We hope you found this article on industrial fume hoods helpful and informative. Remember, keeping your workplace safe is essential, and an industrial fume hood is an excellent way to ensure the safety of those around you. If you have any questions or comments, please let us know in the comment section below. Stay safe and have a wonderful day! Don’t forget to visit us again for more useful articles!